1.3 Explain why risk taking can be part of a person-centred approach

1.3 Explain why risk taking can be part of a person-centred approach

Implement Person-Centred Approaches in Care Settings Answers

Care Learning

6 mins READ

This guide will help you answer The RQF Level 2 Diploma in Care Unit 1.3 Explain why risk taking can be part of a person-centred approach.

In health and social care, adopting a person-centred approach is fundamental. This approach ensures that individuals receive care tailored to their unique needs and preferences. An essential component of this approach is the concept of risk taking.

This guide explains why risk taking is significant in a person-centred approach, its benefits, and how to implement it safely.

What is a Person-Centred Approach?

A person-centred approach focuses on respecting and valuing the uniqueness of individuals. It encourages cooperation and empowerment. Care workers should centre their care around the person’s preferences, needs, and values.

Core Principles

  • Respecting individuality: Recognise each person’s unique experiences and needs.
  • Empowering individuals: Enable people to have control over their lives.
  • Providing choice: Offer options to individuals and respect their decisions.

Defining Risk Taking

Risk taking involves making decisions that could lead to adverse outcomes. These decisions might affect an individual’s physical, emotional, or social well-being. Risk isn’t always negative; it can lead to growth and development.

Types of Risks

  • Physical risks: Activities like walking unaided or engaging in physical exercise.
  • Emotional risks: Forming new relationships or engaging in challenging conversations.
  • Social risks: Participating in community events or trying new social activities.

Why Risk Taking is Important

Risk taking is integral to personal growth and self-determination. In a person-centred approach, it supports living a fulfilling life.

Promoting Independence

Risk taking encourages individuals to make choices and take control of their lives. This autonomy supports independence and dignity.

Enhancing Self-Esteem

Successfully navigating risks can boost self-confidence and self-worth. It empowers individuals to recognise their strengths and capabilities.

Personal Growth and Development

Taking risks can lead to new experiences, skills, and heighten resilience. Overcoming challenges helps individuals grow and improve their quality of life.

Balancing Risk and Safety

While promoting risk taking, care workers must ensure safety. Balancing these aspects is crucial to a successful person-centred approach.

Risk Assessments

Conducting comprehensive risk assessments identifies potential hazards and mitigates them. This process involves:

  • Identifying risks: Pinpoint possible dangers in a proposed activity.
  • Evaluating risks: Assess the likelihood and impact of the risk.
  • Implementing control measures: Put strategies in place to reduce the risk.
  • Monitoring and reviewing: Regularly check and update risk assessments.

Involving the Individual

Include the individual in the risk assessment process. Their input is valuable in understanding personal preferences and identifying what risks they are willing to take.

Providing Support

Offer appropriate support and resources to manage risks. This could include:

  • Physical aids: Equipment to assist with mobility or tasks.
  • Training: Educating individuals on safety practices.
  • Emotional support: Encouragement and reassurance.

Overcoming Challenges in Risk Taking

Implementing risk taking in a person-centred approach can face barriers.

Resistance from Family or Care Workers

Family members or care workers might hesitate to support risk taking. Address their concerns:

  • Communicate benefits: Explain the importance of risk taking for the individual’s well-being.
  • Provide evidence: Share success stories and research findings.
  • Involve them in planning: Engage them in risk assessments and decision-making.

Ensuring Informed Decisions

Ensure individuals understand the risks involved. They should make informed decisions about their care:

  • Clear communication: Use language they understand to explain risks and consequences.
  • Provide choices: Offer alternatives and explain each option’s risks and benefits.
  • Review regularly: Continue discussions as circumstances change.

Practical Applications of Risk Taking

Encouraging Physical Activity

Allow individuals to engage in physical activities suited to their abilities. Provide safety measures like proper equipment and supervision.

Fostering Social Inclusion

Support participation in social activities. Aid individuals in making new friends and engaging with the community. Mitigate social risks by offering emotional support and guidance.

Promoting Autonomy in Daily Activities

Encourage individuals to take part in everyday tasks like cooking or personal care. Provide necessary assistance while ensuring they maintain control over their choices.

Example answers for 1.3 Explain why risk taking can be part of a person-centred approach

Example Answer 1: Promoting Independence

As a care worker, I recognise the significance of promoting independence among the individuals I support. Risk taking is a vital part of this process. For instance, I work with a service user who wishes to prepare meals independently. While there are risks involved, like handling hot surfaces or sharp utensils, I understand that enabling them to take this risk can greatly enhance their sense of independence and self-worth. By conducting a risk assessment and providing appropriate support, such as ensuring they know how to safely use kitchen tools and remain cautious around hot surfaces, I can minimise potential hazards while still promoting their autonomy. This person-centred approach respects their desire to be involved in their daily care activities and builds their confidence over time.

Example Answer 2: Enhancing Self-Esteem

In my role, enhancing self-esteem is essential for an individual’s overall well-being. I recently supported a young adult with learning disabilities who wanted to join a local sports club. The inherent risks, such as potential social rejection or physical injury, were significant. However, embracing risk taking in this person-centred approach meant encouraging and assisting them in facing these challenges. By accompanying them to their initial sessions, offering emotional support, and gradually allowing them more independence, I helped them build confidence in their abilities. The positive experience they gained from participating in the sports club significantly boosted their self-esteem and social skills. This approach respected their right to choose and take risks as part of their personal growth.

Example Answer 3: Personal Growth and Development

Personal growth and development are integral to the well-being of individuals under my care. I cared for an elderly individual with early-stage dementia who wanted to continue attending a weekly knitting group. The risks included getting lost or feeling overwhelmed. However, I understood that continuing to participate in this social activity was crucial for their mental stimulation and emotional well-being. By performing a thorough risk assessment, such as creating a safe travel plan, arranging for a reliable companion, and ensuring they had an emergency contact, I could support their decision. This enabled the individual to maintain their social connections, engage in meaningful activities, and foster a sense of purpose and happiness, demonstrating the value of balancing risk with safety in person-centred care.

Example Answer 4: Empowering Individuals Through Choice

Empowering individuals to make their own choices, even when faced with risks, is at the heart of a person-centred approach. I remember assisting an individual who wanted to attend night classes at a community college to learn pottery. This decision came with risks, such as travelling at night and managing classroom dynamics. Respecting their autonomy, I worked with them to mitigate these risks by organising safe transportation and discussing classroom expectations and potential coping strategies. By enabling this individual to take a calculated risk, I honoured their personal goals and desire to learn. Their engagement in the classes not only provided them with new skills but also significantly improved their confidence and sense of accomplishment.

Example Answer 5: Safety Planning and Risk Management

Incorporating risk taking into person-centred care means carefully balancing risk with safety through robust planning. For example, I supported an adult with physical disabilities who wanted to go hiking. Hiking posed physical risks, including the possibility of falls or overexertion. To implement a person-centred approach, I conducted an in-depth risk assessment. This included evaluating suitable trails, arranging for adaptive equipment, and planning for rest breaks. I also ensured that they had a mobile phone with them and that a support person accompanied them. By managing these risks effectively, I allowed the individual to enjoy hiking, which was a significant personal goal for them. This balance respected their adventurous spirit and need for physical activity while keeping safety a priority.

Example Answer 6: Inclusive Decision Making

Inclusive decision making is a cornerstone of the person-centred approach, especially when it involves taking risks. I once worked with a group of adults with varying abilities who wanted to plan a day trip to a nearby city. The risks included navigating unfamiliar areas and the potential for someone becoming separated from the group. Rather than dissuade them, I facilitated a series of discussions where each participant voiced their concerns and ideas. Together, we collaboratively conducted a risk assessment, identifying key safety measures such as establishing meeting points, using buddy systems, and ensuring everyone had contact information. By involving the individuals directly in the risk management process, I respected their autonomy and ability to make informed decisions, resulting in a successful and enjoyable trip for all involved.

These examples illustrate how risk taking can be an essential part of a person-centred approach, enhancing independence, self-esteem, and personal growth while ensuring safety through careful planning and support.


Risk taking is a crucial element of a person-centred approach. It promotes independence, enhances self-esteem, and fosters personal growth. While it’s essential to balance risk and safety, care workers can implement effective strategies to support individuals in taking appropriate risks. Involving individuals in the decision-making process and providing the necessary support ensures they lead fulfilling and empowered lives. By embracing risk taking, we can offer truly person-centred care that respects and values each individual’s unique journey.

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